Route of Santiago de Compostela
( Etapa 1 = Zamora – La Hiniesta – Valdeperdices – Almendra )-( Etapa 2 = Campillo – Muelas del Pan – Ricobayo – Cerezal de Aliste – Bermillo de Alba )-( Etapa 3 = Fonfria – Fornillos de Aliste – Ceadea – Arcillera – Vivinera – Alcañices )-( Etapa 4 = Sejas de Aliste – Trabazos – San martín del Pedroso – Quintanilha )-( Etapa 5 = Réfega – Palacios – Gimonde – Bragança )-( Etapa 6 ) = Castro de Avelás – Lagomar – Portela – Castrelos – Soeira – Vilaverde – Vinhais )-( Etapa 7 = Soutelo – Sobreiro de Baixo – Aboá – Candedo – Edral – Ferreiros – Sandim – Segirei )-( Etapa 8 = Soutochao – Lamardeite – Vilardevós – Santa María – Trasigrexa – Devesa – Hospital – Osoño – Bemposta – Abedes – Verín ).
HISTORIC ROAD: EDear Readers nature lovers and friends of the Way Southeast walkers who breaks into Santiago, European cultural itinerary across borders. Know you., Found at one of the oldest cultural and historical routes in the world and the concrete historical facts we refer, documenting all the way, through cultural heritage that qualifies as revealed by large traces of architecture in place in towns, bridges and ancient denominations settled along, across and surrounding this route to Santiago Zamora. For centuries it has been run by tartesios, Phoenicians, Greeks, Romans, Carthaginians, Goths, Arabs and Christians.
Authors of the great works outlined where you can see the drag two millennia ago. These alliances of civilizations, which left the development of their conspiradas memories in architecture from countries of Eastern Europe and Africa after reaching their intended purposes proliferated in the southern half of the peninsula through the Natural Corridor, which articulated the Cantabrian with lands of southern Hispania, while acting as a priority route and spine incorporating various routes to its vial. The continuous fluid, passenger and freight traffic generated wealth in the area of environment influence on his journey, and came to be called Vía de la Plata, which according to preliminary investigations obtained thereon, dating from 139 BC. The wealth of the historical past of the road Ruta de la Plata, are now large remnants of one of the most interesting sets that make up the historic cultural heritage, united in their tour of monumental cities that have been formed over the centuries to the environment susceptible to the route.
Gaining importance due to the magnitude of its historic buildings, Mérida, Cáceres, Plasencia, Salamanca and Zamora. The latter is representative capital of the Duero, adorned by beautiful historical monuments as a whole, and instead of communicating a crossroads in which dominates the North Central Road, Route de la Plata Camino together by the Southeast Murciano and fork Portuguese Camino de Santiago Via de la Plata. This is the natural route altimetry directed to Santiago, which the traveler or pilgrim to face. Characterized huge hardness due to the rugged terrain through which passes, the road to Santiago, is dotted with monumental remains invaluable dotted along its route, and so reveals among others one of the first pilgrim hostels in the world, Visigoth church of San Pedro de la Nave, the seventh century, declared a National Monument in 1912 and became part of the cultural heritage of the state.
This deity dedicated to the gods gave coverage to protect travelers and roads for centuries has witnessed several of the overnight cultures, pedestrians and pilgrims. Sometimes in important ways with large numbers of travelers, were placed next to the street small shrines dedicated to these gods, known as Lares Road, where mass campaign is preached, reoriented concentrations travelers and pilgrims, provided for it in place a high resting on the road. Among the few altars preserved, resistant to destruction of later civilizations, one of these deities carved in granite stone is located on this road in the village of Hospital (City Council of Vilardedevos). In those early years, the church of San Pedro de la Nave and Altar Hospital, both were dedicated to the gods alliance of civilizations between other index. Are the greatness of vestiges that prove the true story of what was this great way over time, which you will want to ignore over other strangers without history, that credits.
HISTORIC EVENTS: A mid-twelfth century occurred within the Peninsula a series of historical events, appealing to the relevance of the organization of kingdoms and various covenants distribution within the peninsula. Stands out for its impact on civil society in 1143, when King Alfonso I get the separation of the Kingdom of Portugal in Corona de León when it went through a period of political crisis. Within the hierarchy of self kingdom crown of Leon. A fact that would lead to numerous conflicts and confrontations between the two kingdoms, which ultimately and early thirteenth century, would be divided and separated by the establishment of the current border. Frontera imposed by both kingdoms whose objective is the definition of line that comes to strengthen control of an obstacle that was profoundly devastating for the ways that directly affected the border tracing the route of the Camino de Santiago Portuguese Way of Plate. To prevent and prohibit a decisive effect on the ability of individuals to exercise their right to freely walk the paths that pass for purposes of cross-border nature through it. It is the relevant case the route of this road, which is the beginning of their origin across borders in Zamora. Driven and avocado to the intersection of two opposite crossings of the Spanish-Portuguese border. The first endowed customs control at the international bridge over the Maças River between the towns of San Martin del Pedroso in Zamora (E) and Quintanilha in Bragança (P), capital of the province of Trás-os-montes. A cozy place for a rest stop and fork two alternative routes for travelers going from zamora to Oporto and those heading to Santiago. For those ancestors, Bragança, being bordering the west and north border strategic point was the scene of numerous altercations, gaining momentum the year 1640, when the dynasty came to power Bragança with the kingdom of John IV of Portugal, host revolts within the Peninsula during reynado. After facing the crossing Lusas transmontanas lands, the road gets to cross the second point of the border, cross country, violating the jurisdiction of both countries the absence of customs service to entangle populations Segirei-Chaves (P) and Soutochao-Orense (E). A journey that for various reasons shares a historical journey with popular pilgrimages merchants and smuggling. Since its inception the border has always been a source of discord, for the continued existence of frictions and quarrels arising from changes of line. Even tougher over time more and more quarrels between two countries, in the background, brothers. In such incidents comes the international agreement in Lisbon in 1864, adopting the demarcation of the border between the mouth of the River Minho to the confluence of the Guadiana River Caya. The agreement was shaped adopted under the reigns of Louis I of Portugal and Isabel II of Spain, the more countries represented in it, to define the territories of both countries through the line, putting even further two populations a deep isolation next to the detriment of one of the routes leading into Santiago from the peninsular Southeast, spent by pilgrims drawn by faith they placed in the apostle James to be freed from their illnesses and various ailments.
DEVELOPING SPAIN: Hereafter several years later, having overcome the vicissitudes of time, it gestaría a Spain constituted, unified and moving towards progress. With the evolution of progress came up infrastructure and as such, in 1930 started the construction of one of the great works and major in the energy sector is given: Hydraulic Ricobayo Dam on the River Esla which permanently flooded step of the way by this point, with several populations that were submerged under the waters of the River Esla, along 62km. San Pedro de la Nave highlights within them, for their Visigoth Church of the seventh century, which was located within the terms of step of the way and the left bank of the river Esla sense Southeast. In 1912 it was declared a national monument, so it became part of the rich cultural heritage of the state. Why was moved stone by stone to its new location in the village of El Campillo (Zamora). Place and point of impact of water development undertaken in the area immediately make its effects grapple with the road turn left its traditional route, seeking access that allows the walker to cross the river by the head of the dam, outlining in new variant localities incorporating what this route through the streets: Wisdom teeth Pan, Ricobayo, and Cerezal to Ready. In Bermillo de Alba contacts the traditional path forever. Back in the dark side of this historic road are three populations that were part of it: San Pedro de la Nave, under the waters of the dam and its neighboring Villa Nueva of Corks and Videmala, located in the narrow hillside overlooking the valley, now flooded by water.
EXTREME TENSION ON THE BORDER: With the fall of kingdoms on both sides of the border. The Portuguese army took state power in 1926 and Antonio de Oliveira Salazar in 1932 became president of the Congress of Ministers of Portugal and instituted the Authoritarian Regime called Estado Novo, which remained in power until the Carnation Revolution of 1974 . in Spain, at the request of Portugal, only separated by the border stripe defines the territories of both countries, urging within the same facts characterized by symmetrical shapes in which they were developed by exposing parallelism equal similarity to those of Portugal. Due to an intensity of riots in the streets promoted by the social upheaval of the various political parties from 1930 to 1936, which eventually led to an uprising against the government and in 1936 and in the middle of it, the conflict breaks the Spanish Civil War. The General Francisco Franco Bahamonde was appointed Head of State and claim victory remained in power under the establishment of a totalitarian regime until his death in 1975. The form of two facing each other and authoritarian regimes in place on both sides of a border underwent extensive measures and control exercised by the authorities of each country and applied to any hiker or pilgrim who were intercepted crossing the border stripe across the field. This person would be arrested and charged with smuggling for violating institutional jurisdictions of both countries. It is adoptation of a set of dictatorial measures imposed by the two heads of state meant for the passage of this historic Camino de Santiago tort of magnitude committed in time and in the ways that they punished hard kick equal in relating to others who also burst into Santiago. They are perverse reasons for the devastating misfortunes primed for centuries in lucid passage of this pilgrimage route. It is the reason for which is in the depths of a profound ignorance of globalized society today. A situation transmitted two states involved enormous difficulties of progress despite having overcome authoritarian regimes face the challenge of establishing democracy in both countries. Despite having been released still dragging old grudges on both sides of the line. This was revealed in 1977 when the Spanish and Portuguese frontier army underwent a ostigación a second demarcation and restoration of the former, attesting to do this wording as well as the tensions between the commanders of both armies during execution carried out in this Spanish-Portuguese border.
RELEASE OF THE BORDER: Following the entry of Spain and Portugal in the European Union in 1986, a new communication channel is opened between the two countries, which would bear fruit integration from 1991. with the release of historical Frontera, which defined and separating the territories and peoples of the two countries since its establishment in 1143. the adoptation of action is desired and welcomed by the manifesto expressed by both populations and of establishing links that help reinforce the expansion of integrity between countries, leaving behind the termination expense of eight centuries and friction between two sisters populations irritated by the intransigence committed along the border. The result of the Treaty of the European Union would entail the removal of obstacles which interfered with the free movement of people between the two countries, protected by the guarantee of legal certainty required that allows under current law modality of people to walk freely on the roads. It is the establishment of settlement of a product that comes from the agreement after the foundation of the border, and now its fruits are transmitted progressively in the Camino de Santiago Portuguese Via de la Plata, which reflects every day the experiment a rebound travelers and pilgrims in the wake of this route full of historical incidents since its inception in Zamora, until its final recondución in Santiago.
ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF THE ROAD: Following agreement within the framework of cooperation between the Xunta de Galicia and Jacobean, in 1995, the history of this road is recovery, officially recognizing it as one of the three paths that burst in Santiago. With dating from 139 AD. The granting of Institutional measures taken by the Governing Council of the Xunta on this road, opens up the road to recovery thereof, with its history lost in time with other e clouded regarding the development of the biography of this I Walk. Under the agreement approved in 1995 by the Autonomous Council of the Xunta de Galicia, the projection of development for its implementation would be subject to a provision of dilapidation after a period of 17 years the agreement reached by a dispute committed by the same advice from the Xunta de Galicia, by refusing in 2008 a request by the administration of the City Council of Vilardevós requesting the construction of a hostel for pilgrims in Soutochao, or in the unlikely event, rehabilitate the infrastructure of public school abandoned following the fall in population; adapted for such purposes the plan to mark the requirements of the law governing hostels in the ways of Santiago, in accordance with the regulations of Article 74.2 (3 December 14/2008). The refusal to the viability of that shelter, reaffirmed in the mitigation of an aberration committed fledged leaving failing to pilgrims and travelers in distress of transmontana journey that characterizes the hardness of 54km between Vinhais and Verin, no hostel.
DEPRORABLE ROAD LOCATION: Radiography historical outrageous for the City Council of Vilardevós, see the structuring of the road for their municipality in a deprorable situation Institutional controversy from the Xunta de Galicia to read 1995 and 2008. Following the refusal to encourage signage, lodging predicted and Camino promotion. The three fundamental needs that any hiker or pilgrim route of these characteristics need. Similarly to that reported in the heading of this text, in May 2009, residents of Soutochao outraged by the discriminatory treatment that was taking them to reject this path, does that he should act accordingly. Stimulated and promoted by the Group Acidadella refounding of the Way, proceed to the signaling from the Villa Portuguesa de Vinhais to the gates of Galicia in Verin, receiving logistical support in each of the decisions or agreements made in this regard by the different concepts the City Council of Vilardevós, the Portuguese Chambers of Vinahis and Chaves, associations, cultural and sporting Verin neighbors. In the news echoed some means of radio communication and some daily newspapers.
NATURE: The surprising diversity in an unusual way refounded within the framework of a great beauty and enormous natural wealth. Immersed in a variable topography in which the lush flora accompanied a harrowing landscapes is revealed, with broken moors, where every season is an opportunity for surprise. A potential exhibiting mother nature to be drawn delight as follows beauties. The steppe in the distance of the peneplain of the Zamorano plateau. A picture of the dam Ricobayo, overlooking the Douro River canyon. The Sofreral of Cerezal de Ready, with a single overstory oaks, first of Castilla Y León, third in Spain. The diversity of trees and flora in the natural park of Montesinho, Bragança, Portugal, with a free and protected space, punctuated by beautiful valleys and fitted rivers, vertebrate this Path exercise of contemplation in the enjoyment of Walker, accompanied by relief large panoramic mountain where planes are obtained. Radiography rugged terrain with huge hard as is the case regarding where nature gives life to the thirsty traveler, with no marketed mineral water flowing in a small fountain in Segirei, followed by the waters of Verin in Galicia, known as Fontenova, Cabreiroá, and Sousa. Getting into Galicia Soutochao contemplate the natural landscape of Acidadella with a waterfall background, followed by a leafy ancient chestnut spread by the Greeks and later by the Romans. Tapping the highest in the way the Sierra de Penas Free vertex, with a dominant clear repopulation of pines and oaks, Walker rises to activate the infinite everywhere within the local term of the City Council of Vilardevós.
CULTURAL HERITAGE: If the natural heritage holds this route is exceptionally rich, artistic whole architecture is no less. This was revealed by the testimony of the various human cultures from the Palaeolithic to the most recent history, seated along the reference path and beyond. Stressing the cities of Zamora and Bragança (Portugal), punctuated by beautiful historical monuments, many of them declared National Heritage, outlining door Doña Urraca in the first XI century walled city of Zamora, followed by other historical. In Braganza, the Domus Municipal, Portuguese national monument and unique in the Peninsula, dating from the late medieval period, up to the historic walled city of Fortaleza del Castillo. Within the rural populations are contributing equity wealth in fewer, but no longer relevant, outlining in detail the Gothic portico at the Church of the Hiniesta. By visigótica excellence Campillo, the architectural jewel of this road has been, The San Pedro de la Nave, the seventh century. In wheels of Pan, the Church of Santiago represents an altarpiece of the XVI century. Some rivers are the showcase of great architectural works, Gimonde Roman bridge over the River Onor and the Soeira on Tuela River is two Roman jewelry passage of walkers and pilgrims to Santiago. Vinhais, Villa de Condes, retains traces the walls, the Convent of San Francisco and noble buildings that record a stately city. At the top and dominant Valley Villa Verin, with views beyond the border with Portugal, Castle Fortification Monterrey, which gives its name to the region with this piece of twelfth century fortress, the Baroque is located . Concludes the cultural and artistic heritage of this Zamora-Verin route.
WILD FAUNA: Macro picture of environment marked by varied topography, high, medium and low mountains, endorsed by a dense mass of trees and dense forests, green meadows dotted with Ribera, watered by the rivers that form the backbone will, under extreme climatology 34º C to -12 ° C. According to the season, covering this transmontana area northeast of the peninsula. Providing a perfect twinning nature, conducive to the development of survival and reproduction of wildlife released. Reviewing some of the 140 different species of mammals, Wolf for his predatory instincts. The boar by its long snout and tusks returned, Zorro by his skill and fur. Among the reptiles, the snake by the length and size. The lizard attractive colors and dimensions, amphibians like the frog for his disgusting skin. Birds such as the Golden Eagle by elegant and dimensions. Stork by long legs and long pointed beak. The Hypogeum is the network of subterranean fauna which in most cases is food chain Epigea. This reference text only read of some animal species with which they can bump walkers this route, pursued at all times by the melodic songs of blackbirds and nightingales.
FROM ZAMORA TO SANTIAGO: We have to go by the existing road Portuguese Via de la Plata, in support of the project to recover the Road with its historical memory lost in time. According to preliminary data of the drag, urging the year 139 AD, it is the beginning of a journey down the road that walkers have to walk this pilgrimage. Originating in Zamora, modern city dotted with beautiful historical monuments. Santiago, Heritage of Humanity as a whole. Through these two cities, gets this 397km road, ranked 15 stages, with the order and distribution: Zamora-Verin 217km, in 8 stages. Verin-Santiago 180km in 7 stages. This is part of the historical memory of this simplified Camino de Santiago Portuguese Via de la Plata. Analyzed and drafted under the domains of web www.soutochao.com.